The World Heritage Committee has placed twelve important historical sites in the Czech Republic on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Thanks to the excellent public transport system it is easy to reach all of these interesting places.
Prague - Historical downtown
Each of the historical parts of the capital city of the Czech Lands – the Lesser Town, the Castle District, the Old and New Towns, have been developed from the 10th century onwards. Along with the Prague Castle, the St. Vitus Cathedral and the Charles Bridge, many churches and palaces were also constructed which together form a magnificent architectural, artistic and spiritual ensemble.
Český Krumlov - Historical downtown
Český Krumlov is a small city in the south Bohemian region of the Czech Republic, best known for its fine architecture, art of the historical old town and the Krumlov Castle. The castle complex with its unique baroque theatre, the meander in the River Vltava, the city arms with its five-leaved rose, medieval streets and stone townhouses. This is Český Krumlov – a cosmopolitan city with a unique atmosphere.
Telč - Historical downtown
Telč is a town in southern Moravia, near Jihlava. The city was built on the original foundations following a devastating fire at the end of the 14th century. A number of the renaissance and baroque townhouses remain to this day strengthened by a protective system of ponds. The gothic castle was rebuilt in the renaissance style at the end of the 16th century.
The Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora
Located in Žďár nad Sázavou, near the border between Bohemia and Moravia, this church was built in the early 1820s. It is the finest work of the architect Jan Blažej Santini and represents the most original example of the so-called baroque gothic style. It was built on a five-pointed star plan and is surrounded by a cemetery and cloisters.
Kutná Hora - Historical downtown, Church of St. Barbora, Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec
Ever since the end of the 13th century the history of Kutná Hora has been inseparably linked to the mining of silver ore. The historical centre is highly appraised as an architectural jewel of European importance, and the late gothic Church of St. Barbora and the Cathedral of Our Lady in Sedlec, rebuilt in the baroque gothic style, create a notional entrance gateway to the royal mining city.
This is a natural complex of 283.09 km2 situated in the south Moravian region, close to Břeclav and Mikulov. Between the 17th and 20th centuries, the ruling Dukes of Liechtenstein transformed their domains into one huge park, where the baroque and neo-gothic architecture of their chateaux are complemented with smaller buildings and a landscape that was fashioned according to the English principles of landscape architecture.
Olomouc - Holy Trinity Column
A magnificent baroque monument, situated in Olomouc, the heart of the Haná region, was built in honour of God in the period of 1716–1754. The column's main purpose was to serve as a spectacular celebration of the Catholic Church and faith, partly engendered by a feeling of gratitude for the end of the plague that struck Moravia between 1714 and 1716.
Tugendhat Villa in Brno
A masterpiece from the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Built in 1930 in Brno for Fritz Tugendhat and his wife Greta, the villa soon became an icon of modern architecture. Van der Rohe used a revolutionary iron framework, which enabled him to dispense with supporting walls and to arrange an interior that created an impression of space and light.
Holašovice - Village reservation
Holašovice is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a traditional Central European village. A number of high-quality village buildings from the 18th and 19th centuries in a style known as „South Bohemian Folk Baroque“ have been preserved on a ground plan that dates from the Middle Ages.
Kroměříž - Gardens and castle
The castle was built on earlier foundations in the 17th century and represents a uniquely-preserved Central European baroque princely residence. Its neighbouring gardens include the Podzamecká garden under the castle in a natural English-style landscape and the early baroque Flower Gardens.
Litomyšl - Gardens and castle
The renaissance castle from the second half of the 16th century is an excellent example of an arcade castle based on an Italianate style. Despite reconstruction of the interior at the end of the 18th century, outwardly it has retained an almost unadulterated renaissance appearance, including the unique sgrafitto facades and gables. A number of commercial buildings and a garden have also been preserved.
Třebíč - The Jewish Quarter and the Basilica of St. Procopius
The ensemble of the Jewish Quarter and the Basilica is a unique example of the close co-existence of Christian and Jewish culture from the Middle Ages until the 20th century. The Basilica of St. Procopius. Originally built as part of the Benedictine monastery in the early 13th century, it was influenced by Western European ideas in its construction.